Laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers by J. F. Friedkin

Cover of: Laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers | J. F. Friedkin

Published by U.S. Waterways Experiment Station in Vicksburg (Miss) .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

At head of title: War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, Mississippi River Commission.

Book details

Statementconducted under the direction of Brigadier General Max C. Tyler by J.F. Friedkin.
ContributionsTyler, Max C., Mississippi RiverCommission.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20919668M

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Laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers. Vicksburg, Miss., United States Waterways experiment station, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: J F Friedkin; United States.

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A laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial riversAuthor: J. F Friedkin. Alluvial channel patterns. Natural alluvial channels have a variety of morphological patterns, but can be generally described as straight, meandering, braided, or anastomosing. Different channel patterns result from differences in bankfull discharge, gradient, sediment supply, and bank material.

Channel patterns can be described based on their level of sinuosity, which is the ratio of the. The bed morphology in alluvial meandering rivers is composed of both alternatively distributed free bars and curvature related point bars.

To study the influence of channel sinuousness on the flow and sediment transport, and consequently the bed morphology in meandering rivers, experiments were carried out in a series of curved channels with erodible bed fixed side by: The origin of meandering and braiding of alluvial rivers is re-analyzed in terms of stability theory.

The flow is described by a two-dimensional model, and the transportation of sediment is. A laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers, Joseph Frank Friedkin,Géographie. Friedkin, J.

() «. The purpose of this paper is to present a qualitative summary of current knowledge on the meandering of streams in alluvial materials, based upon a review of pertinent literature, data supplied by. Friedkin, J. A laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers.

Vicksburg, MS: US Army Corps of Engineers, US Waterways Experiment Station. Google ScholarCited by: THE USE OF MEANDER PARAMETERS IN RESTORING HYDROLOGIC BALANCE TO RECLAIMED STREAM BEDS V.R.

Hasfurther Book Chapter THE USE OF MEANDER PARAMETERS IN RESTORING HYDROLOGIC BALANCE 39 Friedken, J.F. A laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers. In Fluvial Geomorphology, edited by S.A. Schumm, File Size: 1MB. Rivers. See also what's at Wikipedia, your library, or elsewhere.

Broader term: Bodies of water; Narrower terms: Rivers -- Africa; Rivers -- Africa, Central; Rivers. So ubiquitous are curves in rivers and so common are smooth and regular meander forms that they have attracted the interest of investigators from many disciplines.

Also, investigations of the physical characteristics of glaciers and oceans have led to the recognition that analogous forms occur in melt-water channels developed on glaciers and Cited by: 9. Most alluvial rivers have a tendency to meander as they process of planform evolution is controlled by several components such as flow conditions, sediment, vegetation, and geological characteristics of the channel boundaries.

Hydrodynamics in Kinoshita-generated meandering bends: Importance for river-planform evolution Cited by: 6. Friedkin, J. / A LABORATORY STUDY OF THE MEANDERING OF ALLUVIAL RIVERS, War Department, U.S.

Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg,pb, 40 pages, 45 plates, - 1 - $ 33 H. / HYDRODYNAMICS, New York,pb, pages, - 5 - $18 [book is considered a 6th edition of a Treatise on the Mathematical Theory of the Motion of Fluids, first.

sediment load, flow velocity, and stream power differ among rivers. It also explains pattern differences along the same river (Schumm ). A classification of alluvial channels should be based not only on channel pattern but also on the variables that influence channel morphology.

This is. Einstein, A.,The cause of the formation of meanders in the courses of rivers and of the so-called Baer's Law, pp. in Ideas and Opinions: New York, Bonanza Books, p. Friedkin, J.F.,A laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers: Vicksburg, Miss., U.S.

River channel pattern comes in three flavors: straight, meandering, and braided. Of these, meandering is perhaps the most common, but at the same time the most mysterious: it is strikingly rich in pattern, yet is encumbered with neither the sterile order of its straight cousin, nor.

Friedkin JF () Laboratory study of the meandering of alluvial rivers. United States Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg Google Scholar Gagliano SM, Howard PG () The neck cutoff oxbow lake cycle along the lower Mississippi by: 2. Start studying Geol Exam 2 (Study Guide + Practice Quizzes).

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.

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Two different types of meander patterns are found on the sediment beds of straight alluvial channels with nonerodible banks. The first type occurs when the Froude number of the flow is close to 1 and the ratio between the depth and the width of the flow is within a certain range.

This pattern probably results from surface waves on the by: Sediment transport is a book that covers a wide variety of subject matters. It combines the personal and professional experience of the authors on solid particles transport and related problems, whose expertise is focused in aqueous systems and in laboratory flumes.

This includes a series of chapters on hydrodynamics and their relationship with sediment transport and morphological development. Sand-Bed Rivers: Copeland Analytical Method Gravel-Bed Rivers Limitations for Channel Restoration Design Chapter 7 Planform Geometry and Morphological Variability Introduction vi.

RIVEE MEANDERS BY LUNA B. LEOPOLD AND M. GORDON WOLMAN ABSTRACT Most river curves have nearly the same value of the ratio of curvature radius to channel width, in the range of 2 to 3. Meanders formed by meltwater on the surface of glaciers, and by the main current of the Gulf Stream, have a relation of meander length to channel width similar to File Size: 1MB.

This is determined by the size of sediments being transported, the channel's gradient, and the amount of discharge. Based on the shape, alluvial channels are broadly classified into meandering (streams transport much of their load and move in bends) and braided channels (a network of converging and diverging channels).

The alluvial architecture of fine-grained (silt-bed) meandering rivers remains poorly understood in comparison to the extensive study given to sand-bed and gravel-bed by: An alluvial channel is a water channel made up of loose sediments called alluvium.

Learn about the types of alluvial channels, meandering channels. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.

Find out more about sending content to Google Drive. On the origin of meandering and braiding in alluvial streamsCited by: The study confirms the utility of numerical models to predict the vulnerability of different areas to debris flow hazards on alluvial fans; however, it highlights discrepancies between the outputs from different models as well as the importance of taking into account local morphometric and.

Laboratory experiments in geomorphology is the theme of the 46th annual Binghamton Geomorphology Symposium (BGS). While geomorphic research historically has been dominated by field-based endeavors, laboratory experimentation has emerged as an important methodological approach to study these phenomena, employed primarily to address issues related to scale and the analytical treatment Cited by: 8.

of rivers below. From straight channels, the rivers take on a meandering pattern, become braided, and form oxbow drainage patterns change from regional directions in response to local structures and tectonic activity This carving of the landscape is the response of alluvial rivers to active tectonicsAuthor: Pradeep Talwani.

The Geology of Fluvial Deposits: Sedimentary Facies, Basin Analysis, and Petroleum Geology by A. Miall, published by Springer-Verlag, ISBNpages,$ Review by Christopher G. Kendall Andrew Miall is a productive writer and this book is. Engrs 19 6 Aug. 20 W. White Flat-V weirs in alluvial channels Proc.

Soc. Civ. Engrs 97 HY3 March 21 C. Johnson Drop-box weir for sediment-laden flow measurement Proc. Soc. Civ. Engrs 92 HY5 Sep.

22 A. Harrison, and M. Owen A new type of structure for flow measurement in steep. Alluvial rivers, insofar as they transport the material of which their channels are composed, possess the freedom to alter their geometry through the phenomena of erosion and deposition.

River channels can be loosely divided into bed and bank regions, and geometry alteration phenomena can likewise be divided into bed processes and bank by: 9. Extensive conversion of natural lands to cultural land uses along rivers in California contribute to the problems of endangered species.

This project seeks to model and quantify process-based restoration and habitat regeneration for endangered species associated with alluvial river floodplains in California. REFERENCES (cont.) - ChannelRehabilitation ChannelRehabilitation Page Navigation Alluvial rivers with intense accumulations of sediment tend to this behavior.

Examples of rivers where artificial levees led to an elevation of the river bed, even up to a point where the river bed is higher than the adjacent ground surface behind the levees, are found for the Yellow River in China and the Mississippi in the USA. deposited to form an alluvial plain.

Three basic channel patterns are detected in alluvial plains. They are braided, meandering and straight. River morphology is explained by channel patterns and channel forms, and is decided by such factors as discharge, water surface slope, water velocity, depth and width of the channel, and river bed materials,File Size: KB.

Do Cutoffs on Pristine Meandering Rivers Tend to Be More Upstream-Skewed than the Main Channel. (Generalized Sediment Transport for Alluvial Rivers - Meandering Rivers) to the Sacramento River.

Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese. Realistic physical models of meandering rivers have proven extremely difficult to produce, particularly in comparison to the formation of braided rivers in the laboratory.

Here we address the question of why such realistic model meanders are so difficult to reproduce, through the most realistic physical modeling of meandering channels yet by: 15 Dec 89 APPENDIX A BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.

Amad, Mushtag. Friedkin, J. “A Laboratory Study of the Meandering of Alluvial Rivers,” U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Miss. Chapter 3, Book 3, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations of the U.

Bed Material Transport and the Morphology of Alluvial River Channels Michael Church Department of Geography, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2; email: [email protected] Annu.

Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. –54 First published online as a Review in Advance on Janu The Annual.Fisk, Harold Norman, "Ancient Courses, Mississippi River Meander Belt, Cape Girardeau, Mo.-Donaldsonville, La.", in Geological Investigation of the Alluvial Valley of the Lower Mississippi River (Vicksburg, Miss.: Mississippi River Commission, ), Atlas Pl Sheets 2, 3, 7, and 9.

Not held by Newberry Library (November ).Fluvial Sedimentary Patterns G. Seminara Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics BEDROCK RIVERS AND THE GEOMORPHOLOGY OF ACTIVE OROGENS Kelin X. Whipple Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences BED MATERIAL TRANSPORT AND THE MORPHOLOGY OF ALLUVIAL RIVER CHANNELS Michael ChurchCited by:

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